extract: TC 1-211 AIRCREW TRAINING MANUAL UTILITY HELICOPTER, UH-1H/V SERIES TASK 1044 NAVIGATE BY PILOTAGE AND DEAD RECKONING CONDITIONS: In an UH-1 helicopter and given the appropriate maps, plotter, flight computer, and flight log. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus these additions/modifications: 1. Maintain orientation within 500 meters. 2. Arrive at check points/destination at estimated time of arrival (ETA) ±3 minutes. DESCRIPTION: 1. Crew actions. a. The pilot on the controls (P*) will focus primarily outside the aircraft and respond to navigation instructions or cues given by the pilot not on the controls (P). The P* will acknowledge commands issued by the P for the heading, altitude, and airspeed changes necessary to navigate the desired course. The P* will announce significant surface features to assist in navigation. b. The P will direct the P* to change aircraft heading, altitude, and airspeed as appropriate to navigate the desired course. The P will use rally terms, specific headings, relative bearings, or key terrain features to accomplish this task. The P will announce all plotted wires before approaching their location. The P and nonrated crewmember (NCM) will monitor aircraft instruments, assist in clearing the aircraft, and provide adequate warning to avoid traffic and obstacles. The P and NCM will announce when their attention is focused inside the aircraft and again when attention is reestablished outside. 2. Procedures. a. Both pilotage and dead reckoning will be used to maintain the position of the aircraft along the planned route. Planned headings will be adjusted as necessary to compensate for the effects of the wind. b. Perform a ground speed check as soon as possible by computing the actual time required to fly a known distance. Adjust estimated times for subsequent legs of the flight route using the computed ground speed. Compare planned ground speed with computed ground speed and adjust airspeed as required to arrive at each control point at its original ETA. NIGHT OR NIGHT VISION GOGGLE CONSIDERATIONS: More detailed flight planning is required when the flight is conducted at night. Interior cockpit lighting should be considered when selecting colors for preparing navigational aids such as maps and kneeboard notes. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS: 1. Training will be conducted in the aircraft. 2. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.